What is Microsoft SQL Server and What is it For?

April 26, 2023 - (Free)

Did you realize that websites keep a ton of data, some of it is in the form of information? One of the most popular database management systems in the world, Microsoft SQL Server, is one of the reasons it is crucial to understand what it is.

Any software will actually eventually need to save data somewhere in order to be able to gather a list of authorized users, their permissions, and their properties. So let’s learn more about one of the reference tools.

Microsoft SQL Server

What is Microsoft SQL Server?

One of the most popular relational database management systems on the market, Microsoft SQL Server supports a variety of software programs for business intelligence and analysis in corporate settings.

It is based on the Transact-SQL language, integrates a number of standard language programming extensions, and offers both on-premises and cloud usage options for its application.

What exactly is Microsoft SQL Server for?

Since it offers a visual interface and a variety of options and tools, Microsoft SQL Server is the best option for storing all the needed data in relational databases and managing that data without difficulty. Especially for websites that offer the option for users to register in order to log in, this is essential.

Due to the amenities and services this product has, it is crucial for businesses to employ it. Microsoft SQL Server assists in managing every aspect of any database, whether it be a client list, a catalog of products, or even a sizable collection of multimedia assets. It is crucial to the efficient operation of any program or website.

The relational engine that processes commands and queries as well as stores files, bb.dd., tables, and data buffers makes up its core component. The secondary levels are used to administer request and answer exchanges with the servers that host the databases, manage memory, program, and manage programming.

Microsoft SQL Server Version History and Editions

There have been several versions of SQL Server over its more than three decades of existence.

  • 1989-Microsoft and Sybase released version 1.0
  • 1993-Microsoft and Sybase end their partnership, but Microsoft keeps SQL Server’s rights
  • 1998-Microsoft releases SQL Server 7.0, a major rewrite
  • 2000-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2000
  • 2005-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2005
  • 2008-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2008
  •  2010-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2008 R2, adding new services and a master data management system
  • 2012-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2012
  • 2014-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2014
  • 2016-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2016
  • 2017-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2017, including Linux support
  • 2019-Microsoft releases SQL Server 2019, introducing Big Data clusters

SQL Server comes in the following popular editions:

  • SQL Server Enterprise: designed for sophisticated, sizable, and vital commercial processes. It provides, among other things, machine learning, powerful analytics, and top-notch security.
  • SQL Server Standard: It supports rudimentary reporting and analytics and is most suitable for mid-tier applications and data marts.
  • SQL Server WEB: to provide Web hosts with a low total cost of ownership choice. For small to large Web properties, it offers affordability, scalability, and administrative capabilities.
  • SQL Server Developer: Designed for non-production situations, the non-production edition is similar to the Enterprise edition and is mostly used for builds, tests, and demos.
  • SQL Server Express: An entry-level, open-source solution built for small-scale applications

Functions and Features of Microsoft SQL Server:

Some of the key features that set Microsoft SQL Server apart include its wide range of tools for data management and analysis as well as business intelligence, which can be used to learn more about your company and customers with the help of machine learning.

Thanks to its connection with Azure AI, Microsoft SQL Server enables you to quickly integrate your data into apps and take advantage of a wide range of cognitive services to use artificial intelligence at any data scale in both on-premises and cloud contexts.

In general, SQL Servers provide high availability to the user to facilitate quicker switching operations. Its in-memory features enable seamless interaction with the Microsoft Server family of servers, resulting in improved flexibility and simplicity of use.

The vast majority of programmers working in web development have used Microsoft SQL Server in some of their projects because it is built on open source and is very simple to use. In addition to being widely utilized, Microsoft SQL Server also has a sizable user community that supports other users.

You should be aware of several benefits that make Microsoft SQL Server so appealing to developers now that you are familiar with what it is and what it is used for. The most obvious one is that it utilizes relational databases, which store and correctly organize data using a number of connected tables.

The Components of SQL Server Architecture

MS SQL Server is made up of the following services and parts:

  • Database Engine: This element is in charge of data storage, data security, and quick transaction processing.
  • SQL Server Agent: This agent takes on the function of a task scheduler and triggers either on-demand or in response to any event. sqlagent.exe is the name of the executable.
  • SQL Server: Microsoft SQL Server instances are started, stopped, paused, and continued by this service (which we’ll examine later). sqlservr.exe is the name of its executable.
  • SQL Server VSS Writer: This component enables backup and restoration of data files even when the SQL server is not active. sqlwriter.exe is the name of its executable.
  • SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS): This service offers decision-making tools, such as Hadoop integration, and reporting functionalities. ReportingServicesService.exe is the file’s executable name.
  • SQL Server Browser: This browser links incoming requests to the required SQL server instance by listening for them. sqlbrowser.exe is the name of its executable.
  • SQL Server Full-Text Search: With this search, users can do full-text searches on character data stored in SQL Tables. Fdlauncher.exe is the name of its executable.
  • SQL Server Analysis Services (SSAS): This service offers machine learning, data mining, and data analysis capabilities. For the sake of sophisticated analytics, SQL Server is coupled with the R and Python programming languages. Msmdsrv.exe is the name of its executable.
  • SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS): Finally, this service offers the ability to extract, manipulate, and load various data kinds from various sources. Simply said, it transforms unprocessed data into information that is valuable. MsDtsSrvr.exe is the name of its executable.

What Editions of Microsoft SQL Server are available?

Microsoft SQL Server 2019 is the most recent version, and it comes in 4 editions with distinct features and characteristics.

  • Enterprise: It is designed for enterprises that must work with high levels of service for essential workloads because it is the most comprehensive edition.
  • Standard: was created to give small businesses with a solution that enables fundamental data management for the operation of their applications, supporting widely used development tools for on-premises or cloud settings.
  • Express: This edition is intended for novices or independent software developers that want a free database to use as a learning tool to create simple server and desktop programs for their own usage.
  • Developer: Integrating all of Enterprise’s features, it is made for developers who want a system for testing and developing any kind of SQL Server application. It is not intended for use in a production setting; rather, it is only intended for testing.


Microsoft SQL Server is a well-established RDBMS that is dependable and packed with features. It is a well-liked option for organizations of all kinds due to its simplicity, adaptability, and connectivity with other Microsoft products. With ongoing enhancements to its features and functionalities, SQL Server is anticipated to maintain its position as the top database management system in the market.